Chapter 1 of the report sets out the context of Malawi in terms of its social composition, economy and the background to political developments leading up to the country’s transition to democracy.

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The economy is growing but this is not reflected in the lives of the majority of Mozambican citizens.

Despite the positive shifts in the expansion of education and health systems, the quality of these services remains very poor.

Despite the existence of many forms of accountability relationships (for example formal and informal accountabilities, social, political and electoral accountabilities) between different public institutions, these are weak.

"Does democracy enhance the process of development in Mozambique?

This report attempts to answer this question through analysing different types of data.

Specifically, it examines how democratic institutions have increased accountability and efficiency, and created room for social development changes, including service delivery (basic services, education, and health and welfare) and improved economic conditions for ordinary citizens.The analysis reveals the following findings: Democratic institutions are not supplying what the citizens want with regard to socio-economic benefits."This report analyses the functioning of a number of institutional building blocks for democracy in Malawi and assesses how stable and functional they are.The report does not delve into issues pertaining to ‘stateness’ and ‘nationhood’ although these are important but focuses mainly on governing institutions and civil society.How far civil society is able to contribute to the effectiveness of the state is a very valid question for most African states.In spite of having elected governments there is a legitimacy crises in many countries, which leaves a wide gap between the government and the people.