Images from top, left to right: Long Beach skyline from Bluff Park, RMS Queen Mary, Aquarium of the Pacific Blue Cavern exhibit, Hanjin Terminal at Port of Long Beach, Villa Riviera, Metro Blue Line, Long Beach Lighthouse Long Beach is a city in Los Angeles County in Southern California, on the Pacific coast of the United States.

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Manufacturing sectors include those in aircraft, car parts, electronic and audiovisual equipment, and home furnishings.

Downtown Long Beach is located approximately 22 miles (35 km) south of Downtown Los Angeles, though the two cities border each other for several miles on Long Beach's southwestern portion.

Long Beach borders Orange County on its southeast edge.

Indigenous people have lived in coastal Southern California for over 10,000 years, during which several successive cultures inhabited the present-day area of Long Beach.

By the time Spanish explorers arrived in the 16th century, the dominant group were the Tongva people.

They had at least three major settlements within the present-day city boundaries.

Tevaaxa'anga was an inland settlement near the Los Angeles River, while Ahwaanga and Povuu'nga were coastal villages.

Along with other Tongva villages, they were forced to relocate in the mid-19th century due to missionization, political change, and a drastic drop in population from exposure to European diseases.

In 1784 the Spanish Empire's King Carlos III granted Rancho Los Nietos to Spanish soldier Manuel Nieto.

The Rancho Los Cerritos and Rancho Los Alamitos were divided from this territory.

The boundary between the two ranchos ran through the center of Signal Hill on a southwest to northeast diagonal.