Red and the orange of ochre were the traditional colours of the Xhosa, Tembu and Bomvana ("the red ones").

The Kei (Great) River marks the boundary of what was once the southern border of the former Transkei.

The Mtamvuna River, also called "the reaper of mouthfuls", (when it overflowed its banks), marks the border between Kwa Zulu-Natal and the Eastern Cape.

South of this river lie the beautiful, rolling grass-covered downlands of the Eastern Cape.

Xhosa Phrasebook You can download this handy printable 9-page Xhosa phrasebook here: The booklet contains the following hints on pronunciation, commonly used phrases, and useful English to Xhosa word translations: Also see the NEW: Xhosa Live Dictionary Best online Xhosa - English dictionary.

Translates individual words from/to English or Xhosa.

The Xhosa, also often called the "Red Blanket People", are of Nguni stock, like the Zulu.

The name Xhosa is a generalised term for a diversity of proud clans, the Pondo, Bomvana, Thembu and the Xhosa tribe itself.

Some returned to Zululand when peace was declared, but those who remained became known as the Mfengu and were assimilated into the Xhosa nation.

The early immigrants formed the backbone of the Xhosa nation and have good reason to be proud.

Not only were they to become the second largest group of Black Africans in South Africa but they were also the only ones that were never defeated or enslaved by any other tribe. Ex-President Nelson Mandela belongs to this ethnic group.

The Xhosa live mainly in the Eastern Cape Province (the former Ciskei and Transkei).